Why We Lied to Our Kids

From Stansberry Research:

By Mark Ford, founder, The Palm Beach Letter

Five years ago, Bill Bonner, my friend and business partner, asked me to speak to a group of about 50 old, wealthy white people meeting in an exclusive beach resort. He wanted me to discuss “the challenge of intergenerational wealth.”

What the heck is intergenerational wealth?

It’s the wealth you’ve acquired for your children, grandchildren, and maybe even your great-grandchildren.

The challenge is how to preserve it. History tells us that people usually squander any money they inherit. And if they don’t squander it, their children surely will.

This is a serious problem for seriously wealthy people. But I believe it’s a problem for middle-class people, as well.

It’s not just about keeping your kids from throwing away the money you worked so hard to save. It’s about keeping that money from turning them into the kind of adults you don’t want them to be.

The experience of speaking to that bunch of 50 grumpy old folks gave me a number of new and useful ideas about this problem. I’d like to share those ideas with you in this essay.

The Downside of Helping Your Children

Let’s be realistic: It feels good to give, and we want to think of giving as a purely beneficial act. (With a stroke of the pen we can make someone’s life easier.) But giving away money – whether to your children or to strangers – often results in unintended consequences… some of them undesirable.

Giving money to your children – at any age – can make them wasteful. It might make them dependent. It might weaken their ambition and strip away their self-confidence. And the expectation of getting money from you might even make them greedy.

It’s easier to understand this when our children are very young. We recognize that giving a small child everything he wants is likely to spoil him.

My wife, K, and I were concerned about this 30-odd years ago, when our children were small. We lived in Boca Raton, where high-income baby boomers climbed over one another in some fiendish, unspoken competition to out-spend each other on their offspring.

Parents taught their grammar-school children to distinguish Hondas from BMWs. High school kids knew which of their friends’ parents had the highest-paying jobs. Some of them felt proud to come to school wearing Rolex watches and Gucci shoes.

As our family CEO, K waged a war against this by having high expectations of our kids as students and as family members. She was strict with household rules and stingy with luxuries.

If our boys failed to maintain a B+ average, we didn’t allow them to go out. Period. Before they could play on weekends, they had to work around the house. And the work was real: cleaning toilets and cutting the lawn.

We had no live TV. Video games were verboten. We never bought them clothes or toys when they asked for them. They had to wait for their birthdays or Christmas. But most of all, we expected our kids to be respectful to us and to others.

In other words, they were part of the universe, not the center of it.

K’s approach worked. Our children were not spoiled. Although – I must admit – I had doubts at times. Once, a few hours before picking up his date for the junior prom, I found my eldest son polishing the vinyl seat of the vehicle he was driving to the event: his 20-year-old, rusted-out pick-up truck. (He bought it from his grandfather.) He worked away at it in good spirits, seemingly oblivious to the stuffing coming out of a large tear in the middle of the seat. I wondered if we had gone too far.

Now, I have no doubts.

The Inheritance Question

What about leaving your kids money after you die?

I have a friend who doesn’t speak to his siblings because of a dispute over the distribution of his mother’s belongings after she died.

I’ve heard my neighbor refer to her mother-in-law as a “selfish bitch” because, at 80, the woman remarried and began spending some of her money on her new husband. When my father left more of his property to two of his daughters because they were unmarried, it caused a resentment that lasted several years.

“Family fights among children after death occur in a large percentage of families,” Tim O’Sullivan, an estate planning and tax attorney, told U.S. News & World Report. “If the No.1 goal is to create family harmony, then the estate plan ought to be designed in a way that preserves it. It’s so sad to see what happens in these situations.”

The last thing a parent wants is for the money he leaves his children to become a source of discord. And yet, it happens all the time.

This is precisely why K and I always lied to our children.

Whenever the subject arose, we told them – in clear terms – they would “never inherit a nickel” from us. We said we intended to spend all our money before we died. If we couldn’t spend it all, we would give it to a charity. We told them that we expected them to earn their own money – that they weren’t entitled to any of ours.

And we meant it.

Well, we meant the part about expecting them to make their own money. But we lied about the inheritance. Of course we’re going to leave them our money – at least some significant part of it.

We lied because we were afraid that if they expected an inheritance, they might become less ambitious. And it seems to have worked. Our boys have grown into young men who work hard, pay their bills, and never ask us for money.

Another – Maybe Better – Approach

Meanwhile, my friend Bill and his wife, E, took a different approach. They avoided lying when their children were small by simply avoiding the topic of money. Talking about money – they taught their children – was gauche.

But then, as the children grew into adults, they began to talk frequently and openly about their money. In fact, they formed a legal structure designed to preserve the family’s intergenerational wealth.

In preparing the speech Bill asked me to give on “the challenge of intergenerational wealth,” I had a conversation with him about our different approaches. And it changed some of my thinking.

I told him what we had done and said that we were happy with the results. I also told him that now that my children were adults – and their characters were largely formed – I was having trouble not helping them.

And then we talked about the inheritance issue.

He was surprised to hear that our children still believed they would not inherit anything from us.

“How long do you intend to continue with this lie?” he asked.

“‘Til the bitter end,” I answered.

“So they will find out after you are gone that they have all this money,” he said. “Just like that?”

“Right.”

“And they won’t have had any guidance from you on how to manage that money… how to work together to preserve and grow it… how to use it productively?”

That hit me like a ton of bricks.

My kids knew how to work hard. They knew how to enjoy their lives. But I now realized that one day they would inherit many financial assets about which they knew nothing.

So K and I decided to have a family meeting. We made it a formal meeting and asked our family attorney to preside. At that meeting, we showed our three boys – for the very first time – the sum of our assets. And we told them that we intended for them to inherit some portion of that.

I am pleased to report that their first reaction was negative. “We don’t need your money,” they told us. “And we don’t want it.”

I told them that I was happy they felt that way. But like it or not, they were going to inherit a sum of money one day. And we had to start talking about what they would do with it.

Since then, we’ve had several more meetings. And those meetings are influenced by a publication and organization that Bill and his eldest son, Will, started. It’s called – appropriately – The Bonner Family Office (BFO).

One big idea that we borrowed from the BFO concerns the purpose of inherited wealth. Bill doesn’t believe in cutting up wealth among the children so that they can do with it what they like. He sees the wealth as an integral family asset that should function more like a bank.

Rather than inheriting lump sums of money, the children inherit an interest in the family fund. The purpose of that fund is to help individual family members enrich their lives… but how they do that must make sense.

Children can borrow from the fund. But if they do, they must return the borrowed money with interest. They can use the money to start businesses or pursue education, but they can’t use it to buy sports cars or yachts. They also should help the fund grow in value. That way, when they die, it’s larger than it was – large enough to help their own children.

As it happens, I had formed The Ford Family Limited Partnership 20 years prior to this, so we used that structure to accomplish these goals.

We’ve already used the partnership to extend two loans: one to help our eldest son buy a house and another to help our second son start a business. Without access to these funds, neither of them could have done those things.

Their credit may not be good enough for banks, but it is good enough for us. Having the limited partnership structure allows us to provide a financial benefit to them without spoiling them.

Another thing we’ve done is include our children in a charitable project I started in Nicaragua a number of years ago. It’s a community center that provides educational and recreational facilities for local people. Originally, I saw this as a personal project – my own experiment in charitable giving. But now, by inviting the family to get involved, I’ve benefited in two ways: I have their help in developing the center, and I can expect that it will be preserved after my death.

Our youngest son took over as director of the center two years ago. He’s done a great job of it, hiring capable people and vastly improving the scope and quality of services. He receives a stipend for doing this. In addition, he’s learning how to manage a somewhat complicated business with 20 employees and hundreds of “customers.” (He asks me questions and sometimes listens to my answers.)

The Ford Family Limited Partnership owns rental real estate, which seems to be the perfect vehicle for our purposes. And recently, our second son agreed to manage those properties. As a musician and composer, he had very little exposure to real estate investing or business management. But he’s taken to it like a duck to water.

He spends several hours each week learning about the real estate business, learning that – like the music business – it can be both fun and challenging. Like our youngest son, he receives compensation for his efforts. This gives us a way to help him out financially that is merited rather than entitled.

Our oldest son hasn’t gotten involved in any of the family businesses, but perhaps he will one day. If not, there’s always the chance that a cousin or grandchild might want to get involved.

We still have plenty of assets to figure out, but we are comfortable with what we have done so far.

The community center in Nicaragua is fast becoming a project we all feel proud to contribute to. And the real-estate business has already become a cool little private bank that can make loans to family members while it grows its asset base steadily and safely.

In general, I feel like we’re doing a smart thing: involving our children in the management of the assets that they will one day inherit while we are still around to provide advice and guidance.

So what have we learned about this complicated subject?

While your children are young…

Don’t buy them expensive things just because you were poor and never had them. Remember that giving your children less is sometimes giving them more.

Expect them to work – and not just at their education. Give them menial household chores and pay them fair market value for their work. Never overpay them.

Avoid discussions of family wealth. If the subject of inheritance comes up, tell them they aren’t getting anything.

When your children leave home…

Make it clear that their bedroom is no longer their bedroom. Put their personal effects in storage. Tell them they are welcome to come home for brief periods as a guest. Remind them that guests are always well-mannered.

When your children become adults…

After your children have proven to you that they can take care of themselves, you can begin to discuss family wealth, including what they might one day inherit.

Consider putting a business or some income-producing assets into a legal structure that can operate as a family bank, making loans to them when merited.

Consider establishing a family charity (if you believe in charity).

Use the family bank and charity to teach your adult children what you have learned about managing wealth.

Best,

Mark

The use of copyrighted material in this website is protected by the Fair Use Clause of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, which allows for the sharing of copyrighted materials for the purposes of commentary, criticism and education.  All shared material will be attributed to its owner and a link provided when available.  All other comment on this site may be reproduced with the author’s consent.  Please source any references or quotes of this website to: http://www.my1stmillion.net

The Morality of Wealth

Religious symbols

In talking with others about wealth and investing I find that there is a HUGE pressure on American Christians to be, act and remain poor.  I did a Google search for Bible verses on wealth, money and materialism and I found quite a few results that included many admonitions to be poor and to give up all of your wealth and possessions.

Now, I’m not going to get into a religious or philosophical discussion here – that’s a whole other website and I’ll leave it to someone to tackle those issues.  But I can say that almost my entire family comes from (very) religious stock & they are all quite poor.  I’m guessing that if you’ve come here, you are probably interested in getting rich.  If you are a Christian, you will have to balance your Biblical beliefs with your desire for wealth and how to merge the different philosophies.  Aside from Americans, this website is most visited by Chinese.  So, to my Chinese readers, whether you are Atheist, Buddhist, Christian or some other religion or philosophy, having a positive subconscious view that money and morality can coexist will be easier for you.

If you are a Christian person and you struggle with the idea that Jesus told the disciples to be poor and give up their possessions, you may consider some other logic.  Personally, I believe that any religious texts, if they were divinely inspired, have quite a bit of “influence” added by the writer.  And when I say influence, I mean distortion.  Now, if God’s hand came materialized and came down from the sky and wrote the book, it would be one thing.  But when a man puts it to paper, after first hearing it from someone else, there is a bit of distortion.

And, you have to look through a lens of context: when was the text written?  The Bible used to command people to stone those who worked on the Sabbath, but that has been done away with.  When Jesus told the disciples to “go poor,” did he mean EVERYONE or just those who personally followed him?

Is it possible to be rich and at the same time be religious?  Of course.  Provided that you’re smart with your money.  Giving it all away to your church isn’t smart.  Actually, I think over-donating (to your church or ANY other cause) is irresponsible.  If God gave you children and you give all your money away and your child becomes ill or you can’t afford to clothe them or pay for a good education, then you’re really a bad parent.  Good church-goer, but bad parent.  Bur really, this is what the New Testament says.  It says for the disciples to give up EVERYTHING for Jesus.  Does that mean that God expects ALL Christians WORLDWIDE to abandon their spouses and children?  Of course not.

When you look at what was written in context, you can see that there is no prohibition to wealth.  When looked at, in its totality, the Christian scripture warns against love of money more than God.  In other words, if you are so hungry for money that you will lie, cheat and steal, then, that is a bad thing.  And I can honestly say that I haven’t lied, cheated or stolen to save my first million dollars.

The good book does warn against indebtedness yet I see most Christians in debt.  Funny, so many Christians will chastise affluent people for violating God’s rules but a page later, when it says not to be in debt, they do the same thing.

And so, in our American culture, we have an inset bias against wealth and affluence.  it is no wonder that the immigrants to this country regularly beat Americans in the wealth competition game.  The average American seeks a “job” and the average immigrant seeks “opportunity” (often to start their own business.

I suggest that it is morally right to be affluent.  Have a look at God’s “chosen people,” the Jews.  They are, by capita, the richest people on Earth.  They don’t have any guilt trip when it comes to being wealthy.  This is an interesting paradigm because if they are God’s chosen (as believed by most Christians), how can they also be so wealthy?

Remember, all things in moderation.  God wants you to be happy and prosperous.  Saving enough money so that you can set up your children and grandchildren in their life is a good thing.  It is a moral thing.  Don’t let anyone tell you that having money goes against God’s will.  That is just silly.  If you look closely at your own religious beliefs and take them into the context of your whole religion, you will probably find that become affluent is good and it is moral.

Good luck, and good investing.

The use of copyrighted material in this website is protected by the Fair Use Clause of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, which allows for the sharing of copyrighted materials for the purposes of commentary, criticism and education.  All shared material will be attributed to its owner and a link provided when available.  All other comment on this site may be reproduced with the author’s consent.  Please source any references or quotes of this website to: http://www.my1stmillion.net

Charity

photo from Frontlines of Revolutionary Struggle

A few years ago my sister told me that she and her husband had saved an extra $1,500 from their tips that month – both worked in the food service industry.  I was excited for them.  They have always lived paycheck to paycheck and I thought that they finally had a way to “turn the corner” and begin a savings account that might lead to a down payment on a home.  What she told me next both shocked and disgusted me.

My sister told me that they gave $500 to their church and the remaining $1,000 was divided into five dollar bills.  My sister and her husband then went and handed out the $5 bills to homeless people as they “witnessed” to them about Jesus and Christianity.

Whether or not you are religious – try to put that aside for now.  And I can understand supporting your church in the form of monthly tithes (donations).  But to give away your entire savings for the month, when you don’t even have a cash “emergency fund” in the bank is, in my opinion, not only foolish but also reckless.

If you do not have a savings account of at least 3 years net wages AND a fully funded 401(k) and/or IRA plan, YOU HAVE NO BUSINESS DONATING TO CHARITY!

I have a favorite charity.  It is called the Samuel charity.  My investment account is my charity.  And every month, every available dollar that I can find goes in to be invested to generate even more wealth.  I have over a million dollars in the bank and I still don’t give a nickle to charity.

And neither should you!

Warren Buffet, Bill Gates and Bono should be donating to charity.  Some rich folks give a couple of million and we applaud them.  In reality, most give only a small fraction of their net worth.  Warren Buffet and Bill Gates are actually making sizable contributions to charity and for that I applaud them.  But leave it to them.  If you haven’t earned your million yet, leave the charity giving to the rich folks.

Sound greedy?

It is.  But  you have to be greedy if you want to be a millionaire.  Money doesn’t grow on trees.  You have to fight and scrape for every dollar and donations to charity are hazardous to your financial future and well being.

Does it sound rough?  Yes it does.  But I’ll say it again.  Quit donating your hard earned money to charity!

If an aircraft is suddenly depressurized, what is the first bit of instructions that they give you?  Put on your own mask first before helping others.  If you haven’t funded your retirement account and you don’t have an adequate emergency cash account, why are you putting a financial oxygen mask on others while you suffocate?

I read an article in Bloomberg this week that stated that millions are starving in India as donated food is pilfered by corrupt officials.  Most of this aid comes from donations from western countries and the distribution is so bad that upwards of 10% of the food rots before it can be delivered and what remains is stolen by corrupt state officials and sold for handsome profits.  Have a look at the article:

Poor in India Starve as Politicians Steal $14.5 Billion of Food

I see a story like it every week.  Last week I saw a story about a woman who claimed cancer to get her wedding paid for – she made the whole story up.  A large amount of every charity dollar donated goes to pay some bureaucrat or administrator.  Some day, when I feel “comfortable” in my financial position I suppose that I shall engage in direct charity.  Find a local family down on their luck and help them out, save their house, pay their water bill, fix their car.

What if you lose your job?  What if a loved one is injured and there are huge medical bills?  The charity money that you gave away could have been used to save your own family.  Charity begins at home and you should think of yourself and your family the next time you’re feeling generous with the excess of your paycheck.

And while I’m on the subject of America - YOU HAVE NO BUSINESS DONATING TO OVERSEAS CHARITIES!  More than 1/3rd of each dollar spent by the American Government this year is borrowed money.  Yes, we’re borrowing money to give to charities (ie foreign governments).  Israel has a high standard of living and less debt than us but we borrowed 1/3rd of the US $4 billion in aid that we gave them this year.  And if you are reading this, you probably have debt of your own.  Home mortgage, car payment, credit cards, etc.  If you send ANY money to charity and you have ANY bills, this means that you borrowed that $ to pay the charity.  If you haven’t paid your house off, your car off, & your credit cards, you’re using borrowed money to fund your charity donations.

We allow our politicians to spend out money on charity countries because we’ve all been sold that it is the noble thing to do.  Perhaps if more Americans were concerned for their own wealth and financial well being, they would insist that Congress do the same with their tax dollars.

What I’m saying isn’t politically correct, but it is correct.  Giving money away when you don’t have enough for yourself is insane.  America is broke and we give away more.  Hard times are coming.  In ten years, you may wish you had given less to charity and saved some for your own family.

Think about it.  Be wise with your money.  Be tight with your money.

The path to riches isn’t easy.  You have to change your way of thinking.

Good luck!

The use of copyrighted material in this website is protected by the Fair Use Clause of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, which allows for the sharing of copyrighted materials for the purposes of commentary, criticism and education.  All shared material will be attributed to its owner and a link provided when available.  All other comment on this site may be reproduced with the author’s consent.  Please source any references or quotes of this website to: http://www.my1stmillion.net